Jaya Bachchan

Jaya Bachchan
Jaya Bachchan, image credit: Bollywood Hungama

Born - April 9, 1948 in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India

Occupation - Actress, Politician

Nationality - Indian

Years Active - 1963-1981
                       1998-present

Height - 5' 2" (1.57 m)

Spouse(s) - Amitabh Bachchan (m. 1973-present)

Jaya Bachchan (born Jaya Bhaduri on 9 April 1948) is an Indian film actress and politician. She is currently the Member of Parliament in Rajya Sabha from the Samajwadi Party, notably serving four terms since 2004. She is recognised as one of the finest Hindi film actresses of her time, particularly known for reinforcing a naturalistic style of acting in both mainstream and "middle-of-the-road" cinema. During her career, she won nine Filmfare Awards: including three for Best Actress and three for Best Supporting Actress, which makes her the overall most-awarded performer in the female acting categories, along with Nutan. She was awarded the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award in 2007. In 1992, she was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India.

Jaya Bachchan, an alumna of the 'Film and Television Institute of India', started her career with a supporting role in Satyajit Ray's Bengali film, "Mahanagar" (1963) at the age of 15, with Anil Chatterjee and Madhabi Mukherjee. After that, she had appeared in two Bengali films: a 13-minute short film, "Suman", and a Bengali comedy "Dhanyee Meye" (1971), as Uttam Kumar's sister-in-law.

Inspired by her experience with Ray, she decided to join the 'Film and Television Institute of India' (FTII), Pune to learn acting, and passed with the gold medal. She was also picked out to play the eponymous role of Guddi in the 1971 Hrishikesh Mukherjee film, "Guddi" in which she played a schoolgirl obsessed with film star Dharmendra. Though she tried to break out of the mould with glamorous roles as in "Jawani Diwani" (1972) and a negative character of the heroine faking amnesia, in "Anamika" (1973), she was mostly recognised for roles of the sort which were credited with epitomising middle-class sensibility, which she played amiably in films of "middle-cinema" directors such as Gulzar, Basu Chatterjee and indeed Hrishikesh Mukherjee. These films include "Uphaar" (1971), "Piya Ka Ghar" (1972), "Parichay" (1972), "Koshish" (1972) and "Bawarchi" (1972), performed with marked sensitivity. By now, she was a popular star.

In Gulzar's "Koshish" (1973), Bhaduri and Sanjeev Kumar played a deaf couple who struggle through their difficulties as handicapped people.

She first acted with her future husband Amitabh Bachchan in the film "Bansi Birju" (1972), followed by B.R. Ishara's "Ek Nazar" also in the same year. Amitabh had undergone a string of flops, and when most lead heroines refused to work with him in the Salim-Javed scripted "Zanjeer" (1973), she stepped into the film. The film turned out to be a hit and gave rise to Amitabh Bachchan's angry-young-man image. This was closely followed by their pairing in films such as "Abhimaan" (1973), "Chupke Chupke" (1975) and "Sholay" (1975).

Her daughter Shweta was born while Jaya and Amitabh were working on Sholay. Following this, she retired from films and focused on raising her children. Her last film as a lead actress was "Silsila" (1981), opposite her husband. During the late 1980s, she wrote the story for the film "Shahenshah" (1988), which starred her husband in the lead.

After a gap in film appearances of 18 years, she returned to acting with Govind Nihalani's "Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa" (1998), a film about the Naxalite movement. In 2000 she starred in "Fiza" for which she received the Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award for her work. She also starred in Karan Johar's family drama "Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham..." (2001) with her husband. She then starred in Karan Johar's next film, "Kal Ho Naa Ho" (2003) playing the role of Preity Zinta's mother, Jennifer Kapur, for which she again received a Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award. She appeared with her son Abhishek Bachchan in the films "Laaga Chunari Mein Daag" (2007) and "Drona" (2008).

In 2011, she appeared in the Bangladeshi film "Meherjaan". The film is based on a Bangladesh-Pakistan love story in the backdrop of the 1971 Bangladesh atrocities.

Bachchan was first elected in 2004 as the Member of Parliament from the Samajwadi Party, representing Uttar Pradesh in the Rajya Sabha till March 2006. She got a second term from June 2006 till July 2010 and in February 2010 she stated her intent to complete her term. She was re-elected in 2012 for the third term and again in 2018 for her fourth term in the Rajya Sabha from Samajwadi Party.

On 3 June 1973, she married actor Amitabh Bachchan. The couple has two children: Shweta Bachchan-Nanda and Abhishek Bachchan, who is also an actor. Shweta is married to industrialist Nikhil Nanda of the Kapoor family in Delhi, and has two children, Navya Naveli and Agastya Nanda, while Abhishek Bachchan is married to Aishwarya Rai, and has a daughter, Aaradhya Bachchan.

Filmography

Year Movie Role Notes
 1963   Mahanagar  Bani  Bengali film
1971  Guddi  Kusum/Guddi  Nominated - Filmfare Best
 Actress Award
1971  Dhanyee Meye  Monasha  Bengali film
1971  Uphaar  Mrinmayi/Meenu  Nominated - Filmfare Best
 Actress Award
1971  Janani  unknown  Bengali film
1972  Jawani Diwani  Neeta Thakur  
1972  Bawarchi  Krishna Sharma  
1972  Parichay  Rama  
1972  Bansi Birju  Bansi  
1972  Piya Ka Ghar  Malti  
1972  Annadata -  
1972  Ek Nazar  Shabnam  
1972  Samadhi -  
1972  Koshish  Aarti Mathur  Nominated - Filmfare Best
 Actress Award
1972  Shor  Raat Ki Rani/Rani  
1972  Jai Jawan Jai Makan -  
1973  Gaai Aur Gori  Neeta Thakur  
1973  Anamika  Anamika/Kanchan/Archana  
1973  Phagun  Krishna Sharma  
1973  Zanjeer  Mala  
1973  Abhimaan  Uma Kumar  Filmfare Best Actress Award
1974  Aahat -  
1974  Dil Diwana -  
1974  Kora Kagaz  Archana Gupta  Filmfare Best Actress Award
1974  Naya Din Nai Raat -  
1974  Doosri Sita -  
1975  Mili  Mili Khanna  Nominated—Filmfare Best
 Actress Award
1975  Chupke Chupke  Vasudha Kumar  
1975  Sholay  Radha  
1977  Abhi To Jee Lein  Jaya  
1978  Ek Baap Chhe Bete    
1979  Nauker  Geeta  Filmfare Best Actress Award
1981  Silsila  Shobha Malhotra  Nominated - Filmfare Best
 Actress Award
1995  Akka -  Marathi Film
1998  Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa  Sujata Chatterji  
2000  Fiza  Nishatbi Ikramullah  Filmfare Best Supporting Actress
 Award
2001  Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham...  Nandini Raichand  Filmfare Best Supporting Actress
 Award
2002  Koi Mere Dil Se Poochhe  Mansi Devi  
2002  Desh  Suprabha Devi  Bengali film
2003  Kal Ho Naa Ho  Jennifer Kapur  Filmfare Best Supporting Actress
 Award
2007  Laaga Chunari Mein Daag  Sabitri Sahay  
2008  Lovesongs:Yesterday, Today
 & Tomorrow
 Mridula Chatterjee  
2008  Drona  Queen Jayanti  
2010  Aap Ke Liye Hum -  
2011  Meherjaan  Meher  Bengali, Bangladeshi film
2013  Sunglass / Taak Jhaank -  Bengali / Hindi
2016  Ki & Ka  cameo  Hindi

Awards and recognition

Civilian Award

  • 1992 – Padma Shri, India's fourth highest civilian award from the Government of India

Filmfare Awards

Winner

  • 1972 – Filmfare Special Award for "Uphaar"
  • 1974 – Filmfare Best Actress Award for "Abhimaan"
  • 1975 – Filmfare Best Actress Award for "Kora Kagaz"
  • 1980 – Filmfare Best Actress Award for "Nauker"
  • 1998 – Filmfare Special Award for "Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa"
  • 2001 – Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award for "Fiza"
  • 2002 – Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award for "Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham..."
  • 2004 – Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award for "Kal Ho Naa Ho"
  • 2007 – Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award

Nominated

  • 1972 – Filmfare Best Actress Award for "Guddi"
  • 1972 – Filmfare Best Actress Award for "Uphaar"
  • 1974 – Filmfare Best Actress Award for "Koshish"
  • 1976 – Filmfare Best Actress Award for "Mili"
  • 1982 – Filmfare Best Actress Award for "Silsila"

International Indian Film Academy Awards

Winner

  • 2001 – IIFA Best Supporting Actress Award for "Fiza"
  • 2002 – IIFA Best Supporting Actress Award for "Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham..."
  • 2004 – IIFA Best Supporting Actress Award for "Kal Ho Naa Ho"

Other film awards

Winner

  • 1972 – Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards: Special Award (Hindi film) for "Guddi"
  • 1999 – Anandalok Awards: Special Editor Award
  • 2001 – Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards: Best Actress in Supporting Role for "Fiza"
  • 2001 – Zee Cine Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role – Female for "Fiza"
  • 2002 – Best Actress in a supporting role for "Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham..." at the Sansui Viewers Choice Awards

Honours and recognitions

  • In 2017 She won Best Parliamentarian award
  • In 1998, she was honoured with the Omega Award for Excellence: Lifetime Achievement
  • 2000, Mumbai Academy of the Moving Image, an award for her "abiding contribution to Cinema"
  • 2004, Lifetime Achievement Award at the Sansui Awards
  • 2010, Lifetime Achievement Award at the "Tongues on Fire" film festival in London
  • 2012, Lifetime Achievement Award at Jaipur International Film Festival (JIFF)
  • 2013, Master Deenanath Mangeshkar (Vishesh Puraskar) Award for her dedicated services to Indian theatre and cinema
  • She is a recipient of the Yash Bharti Award, UP state's highest award from the Government of Uttar Pradesh


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